I am the child of a Deaf mother, emphasis on the capital D. CODA has been a term used by some to refer to a “Child Of a Deaf Adult”, aka me. American Sign Language is one of my two home languages – and the one that I spend restless night practicing to the ceiling.

My mom’s classroom of Deaf and hard-of-hearing preschoolers

It wasn’t until recently that I started to see my mother’s identity as a Deaf woman and a teacher of the Deaf as having a profound influence on my teaching practice. Let me explain.

For us CODAs. . .

Differentiation Comes More Naturally

My mom has to live in a world where many people prefer to communicate by speaking and hearing. While it’s easy to assume that most people have the decency to write their words on a piece of paper to explain something to my mom at a Jiffy Lube, I grew up seeing example after example of poor communication and a lack of differentiation from hearing people of all walks of life.

Maybe that’s why it always seemed like a no-brainer to me that teachers provide a variety of visual and audio cues for students, and to provide opportunities for students to produce work in the formats that suit them. Sometimes a whole class discussion can be intimidating; Use an online forum once in awhile. Some kids like to read by themselves; Create a balanced reading program in your classroom so that kids have the opportunity to read in multiple ways. There are many, many ways to get that “snapshot of learning”, and they don’t all have to be teacher directed or written by hand on a piece of paper.

Check out this wikihow on How to Communicate with Deaf People

Which brings us to. . .

Technology is Ubiquitous

If you just started reading here, my mom is Deaf, meaning that she cannot hear out of both ears and uses American Sign Language and English to communicate with people. The technology that I grew up watching my mother use has improved dramatically. I have to admit that I am a bit nostalgic right now thinking back at the old days of the TTY and the phone operators, and how that has now been replaced by the iPhone in my mom’s pocket.

Things have changed so fast, but let’s be clear: We were using that 1980’s device (TTY) throughout the nineties and well into the 2000’s.

While my mom would be first to admit that she is not the most tech-savvy teacher, I wonder if somewhere between the vibrating mattress alarm clock and the flashing doorbell did I start to conceptualize technology differently than if I had been brought up in a hearing household.

In my view, technology should be completely ubiquitous during the learning process. Why some teachers still see technology as a completely separate entity and subject that has no connection to learning is beyond me. In a 21st Century-minded classroom, a student’s device is as ubiquitous as a wall clock, and a teacher plans for ways to maximize learning without focusing on any one tool or device.

Noisy is Overrated

There’s definitely been a trend in recent years to focus on aesthetics more than on evidence of student learning. My Twitter Feed is always full of teachers and administrators professing a “new” messy and noisy style of learning. Now, while my classroom can get that way when the task fits the learning, you can also find my entire class sitting around with headphones while diligently completing a project.

They’re not flopping under tables with exercise balls and wearing beanbag hats, so they must not be learning!!

My mom’s classroom (which was also my classroom when I was in preschool) is an entirely silent place, but with a lot of language going on. Students are signing, sharing, playing and fighting in the quietest preschool you’ve ever seen. Whether or not you’re a control freak or a laissez-faire style teacher, a classroom shouldn’t always be noisy, and it should definitely never be deafening. Take a page out of a Deaf teacher’s classroom and have a silent day or hour to celebrate the inaudible sounds of learning.

Respect for Home Language and Language Minorities

Raised during a time when sign language has become increasingly threatened by the hearing folks that prefer an implant-only approach for their Deaf children, rather than learning a bit of sign language, I see home language as an important part of my students’ identities.


Loss of home language is especially an important issue in the international teaching circuit, where many students’ school language is interfering with the students’ retention of their home language. When a child loses their home language to the point that they are no longer comfortable speaking or signing it, it’s nearly impossible to see the transfer of home language to the next generation. It gets even worse for language minorities without a sizable population or community in a child’s host country that can help support home language acquisition.


Deafness is such a part of my life that it may have even found its way into my teaching. I hope you enjoyed this and other articles you have read at educationrickshaw.com, and I promise that I will keep on signing all of my ideas for blog posts to the ceiling on restless nights.

First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth - TeachersPayTeachers.com

18 thoughts on “The CODA Perspective on Teaching and Learning

  1. Really great post! Loved it and now I’m inspired to write one for me and people who are hear hard. Thanks for a very quality post!


  2. This is really interesting, Zach. Thanks for sharing. I haven’t recently taught a deaf child, though the mother of one boy was hearing impaired. Here, deaf children mostly attend a school for the deaf. We do miss out on a lot of differentiation opportunities as a result.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Interesting – thanks for sharing. Yes, my mom is a proud and wonderful Deaf teacher who has really inspired me to pursue excellence in education. Thanks for all of the posts you’ve been making on the FB page 🙂 I appreciate it!

      Liked by 1 person

  3. I just listened to your interview on the podcast “Ed – Conversations About the Teaching Life”. Thank you for sharing your story. I’m especially interested in your CODA story. I’m an educational sign language interpreter. Do your mother happen to have any educational videos online? I’m always in search of studying native signers teaching deaf children. Again, thanks for sharing your story.


  4. Thanks for proudly sharing such and I hope more CODA’s will be motivated instead of being ashamed of having Deaf parent/s.I personally encouraged since my father also Deaf.I hope will keep in touch for sharing more experiences.


  5. Is really motivational what u have shared Im also inspired since I think still more awareness is needed especial to developing countries. I m personally proud to have a Deaf so CODA’s need to to be enlightened any the unique experience they. Thnx hope will keep in touch.


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